O, Hai

You are in London, United Kingdom
Latitude 51.5: Longitude: -0.13
You are at the vaults of an organisation called "Virtual Internet UK Limited."
Address 46.28.50.173



Disciplines of Control

In the chapter "The Means of Correct Training," from his book Discipline and Punishment, Foucault analyses what he terms the transition from sovereign societies to disciplinary societies, which emerged and developed through the 17th and 18th centuries.
"The disciplinary power is to train, rather than to select and to levy" (which would be a juridical/sovereign power: select, levy and punish, according to the written law or the withim of the sovereign)

It trains and disciplines by a two-fold movement:
- It homogenized and normalized the "useless multitude of bodies"
- It separates the mass into a multitude of individual elements. It separates the homogenized mass into particular individuals each with its particular features. Yet the movement of individualization is closely related to the "norm" (and what is "normal") common to the homogeneous society.

"Discipline makes individuals."
Foucault describes the use of simple procedures or "instruments" of disciplinary powers, such as: hierarchical observation, normalizing judgement and their combination in a procedure that is specific to [the disciplinary power], the examination.